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« Book of Abraham Facsimile 2 | Book of Abraham - Kirtland Egyptian Papers »
Saturday
Mar262011

Book of Abraham Facsimile 3

Facsimile 3 published in the Book of Abraham is a scene from the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead

Book of the Dead scene Scenes from the Egyptian Book of the Dead

Comparing the source papyrus to the published facsimile
The source papyrus is missing or vaulted in the LDS church archives.

Facsimile 3 Facsimile 3 as published in the Book of Abraham



Verifying Joseph's Translation

Figure Joseph Smith Egyptology
Above scene Stars represent the souls of the dead
1 Abraham sitting upon Pharaoh’s throne, by the politeness of the king, with a crown upon his head, representing the Priesthood, as emblematical of the grand Presidency in Heaven; with the scepter of justice and judgment in his hand.

Note: the word pharaoh is an anachronism, as it was not used as a title until Thutmose III (ca. 1479-1425 BC) long after Abraham's death in (1637 BC or 1801 BC)
The Egyptian god Osiris

The writing above Osiris:
"Recitation by Osiris foremost of the westerners lord of Abydos(?) the great god forever and ever(?)"

2 King Pharaoh, whose name is given in the characters above his head. The Egyptian goddess Isis, the wife of Osiris

The writing above Isis:
"Isis the great the gods mother"

3 Signifies Abraham in Egypt as given also in Figure 10 of Facsimile No. 1. A libation stand
4 Prince of Pharaoh, King of Egypt, as written above the hand. The Egyptian goddess Maat

The writing above Maat:
"Maat mistress of the gods"

5 Shulem, one of the king’s principal waiters, as represented by the characters above his hand. The deceased, Osiris Hor

The writing above Osiris Hor:
"The Osiris Hor justified forever"

6 Olimlah, a slave belonging to the prince

Note: Olimlah is an unknown Egyptian word.
The Egyptian God Anubis
Note: The rendering is poor as the head should be that of a jackal—notice the pointed ear on top of the head.

The writing above Anubis:
"Recitation by Anubis who makes protection(?) foremost of the embalming booth"

Bottom scene The writing at the bottom:
"O gods of the necropolis gods of the caverns gods of the south north west and east grant salvation to the Osiris Hor the justified born by Taikhibit"
Comment Additional comment on scene: Abraham is reasoning upon the principles of Astronomy, in the king’s court.


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